MEC's terms of reference includes the following mandates:
- to develop anti-corruption recommendations and benchmarks;
- to monitor and evaluate the government and international community efforts to fight corruption;
- and to report to the President, Parliament, people and international community.
MEC is wholly independent from the Afghan government and the international community. This independence ensures that MEC is capable of carrying out its mandate in a transparent manner without undue influence. Every six months, MEC submits a report of its assessments and findings of the agreed-upon benchmarks to the President, Parliament, and people of Afghanistan through the media.
MEC was created after the need for independent monitoring and evaluation of anti-corruption efforts was identified at the London and Kabul international conferences. Following the London Conference, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan invited the international community to form a joint Afghan-International monitoring and evaluation committee, which was welcomed by the international community.
The Committee is comprised of six senior anti-corruption experts selected through a nomination process implemented by the international community and the Afghan government. The Chairmanship of the Committee alternates between an Afghan and an international appointee on a six-month basis.
The current members of the Committee are:
Mr. Drago Kos (Slovenia)
Former Chair of the Council of Europe's Group of States against Corruption
Mr. Mohammad Yasin Osmani (Afghanistan)
Advisor to the President and former Director of HOO
Ms. Eva Joly (France/Norway)
Member of the European Parliament and initiator of the Paris Declaration Against Corruption
Mr. Zakem Shah (Afghanistan)
Advisor to the President and former Minister of Commerce
Lt. Gen Hasan Mashhud Chowdhury (Bangladesh)
Former Anti-Corruption Commission Chair
Dr. Yama Torabi (Afghanistan)
Founder and Executive Director of Integrity Watch Afghanistan
MEC is supported by a technical secretariat comprised of national and international staff. The Secretariat is led by an Executive Director and is divided into three main pillars: Governance, Prevention, and Law Enforcement. Each team consists of an international expert, a national advisor, and a national officer. A Senior Policy Advisor provides overarching policy expertise. The Secretariat also has a Vulnerability to Corruption Assessment (VCA) Unit that is undertaking corruption assessments at government institutions, an Outreach and Communications Advisor, an administrative team and a translation team.